Jammu and Kashmir Flora and Fauna
Jammu & Kashmir is gifted with natural enchanting beauty and a dense population of Flora & Fauna that adds to its charm and tourism value. The region reveals varied vegetation that profoundly grows due to the region’s rich soil types. Adequate rains coupled with a favourable salubrious climate also assist to retain the lushness of the forests and landscapes which is home to flourishing wildlife habitat.
The Flora & Fauna of Jammu and Kashmir is rich and abounding which is inclusive of various types of vegetation, plants, trees and forests that are filled with numerous tones of woods. The trees are seen in various enchanting colours as they sway against the cool mountain breeze and manage to thrive through the different seasons.
The Flora of Jammu ranges from the thorn bushes of arid plains to moderate alpines of higher altitudes including Horse Chestnuts, Maple, and Silver Fir that are broad leaf trees as well as Birch, Berbers, Rhododendrons, and herbal plants also form a part of the high altitude region of Jammu.
Doda, Poonch, Rajouri, and Udhampur, Hilly regions also feature a large varied population of fauna that includes the Bear, Brown Musk Shrew, Cheetah, Deer, Leopards, Muskrat, and Wild Sheep including a variety of reptiles, bats, snakes, frogs, and lizards can also be found in these regions. Jammu fauna also includes the game birds such as the Chakor, Peacock, Pheasants, and Snow partridge.
The autumn season brings out the best of the Flora and Fauna of the mesmerizing Kashmir valley offering one of the most breathtaking sights to experience. The Chinar trees are considered one of the most majestic trees of the Kashmir valley and are seen to grow to gigantic proportions both in girth and size. Other trees of Almond, Cider, Deodar, Fir, Pine, Poplar, Walnut and Willow Trees also form an integral part of the diverse flora of Kashmir.
Kashmir features dense forests that appeal to all adventure seekers and nature enthusiasts where they get to spot the Black Bear, Ibex, Leopard, Markhor [Wild Goat], Musk Deer, Red Bear, Snow Leopard, and the Wolf to mention a few. Bird viewing can be a delight for Bird-watching enthusiasts as you get to spot numerous winged game birds such as the Chakor, Doves, Ducks, Goose, Herons, Partridge, Pheasant, Wagtails, Warblers, and Water Pigeons.
The arid desert of the district of Ladakh also features over 240 endemic and migratory birds including the black-necked crane and fauna population such as the Gazelle, Himalayan Ibex, Red Bear, Snow Leopard, Tibetan Antelope, Wild Ass, and the famous local Yak.
The Forest lands of Jammu & Kashmir offer an excellent shelter for the numerous flora and fauna population including rare and endangered species found only in this region, and the common animal species such as the Barking Deer, Himalayan Black Boar, Musk Deer, Neelgai, Rhesus Monkey and the Snow Leopards. The Forest Reserves of this region also ensures that the Flora and Fauna of Jammu & Kashmir are well preserved and protected from poachers and hunters.
The Forests receives an annual rainfall is about 100 cm while the area featuring scrubs forests receives less than 100 cm of rainfall. Almost 35640.50 square kilometers of the Northern region is under forest of which over 99% of the forest area is solely confined to the district of Jammu and Kashmir.
Owing to the large forest area, the Flora and fauna population of Jammu & Kashmir can easily thrive and breed owing to the region’s excellent topography and climatic conditions that also allows rare and endangered species of plants, trees and animals to flourish which are otherwise slowly disappearing from the face of the earth without a trace.